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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(1): 85-87

A Cross Sectional Study on Awareness of Sex Determination Techniques & Gender Preference among Married Women in an Urban Slum of Maharashtra

Rahul Bedre, Harsha Solanki.

"Background: Skewed sex ratio is an issue of major concern & has long term Sociodemograhic conse-quences which may be due to pa-triarchal social framework & strong son desire in India. The problem is getting worse as scien-tific methods of sex determination & termination of pregnancy are improving leading to female feti-cide. Hence the present study tries to evaluate knowledge & practice of sex-determination techniques & reasons for son preference gender among married women in an ur-ban slum of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Methodology: A community based, cross-sectional study was carried out among 900 married women of reproductive age group selected by systematic random sampling in an urban slum of community of Mumbai, Maharash-tra.
Results: the present study shows that most of the women were mus-lims & they were educated. In spite of good education most of the women were engaged in house-hold work. Most of the women i.e. 58.8% were aware of sex determi-nation practices of which majority knew the method & place of sex determination as well as majority knew that sex determination is crime & few women were aware about the penalty for the same. Overall male child preference was seen in 49.6% women. The desire for male child becomes stronger as the number of girl child increases. Major reasons for male child pref-erence were to carry forward fami-ly name & business, for their old age support & to carry out reli-gious function.
Conclusion: The present study re-flects that knowledge of sex deter-mination techniques were quite good among study women as well as they were having strong prefer-ence for male child.

Key words: Sex determination, Gender Prefer-ence, Urban Slum in Maharashtra

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