Analysis of Dog Bites in Kashmir: An Unprovoked Threat to Population
Kouser Sideeq, Sufoora Bilquees, Mohammad Salimkhan, Inaam Ul Haq.
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"Objectives: The study focuses on the analysis of regional distribu-tion, pattern and outcome of dog bite injuries sustained in Kashmiri population and assessing the bur-den on society.
Methods: In this retrospective sur-vey antirabies clinic record of all patients who sought medical atten-tion after a dog bite in tertiary cen-tre of Kashmir SMHS hospital be-tween April2010 to May 2013 were reviewed.
Results: A total of 13852 patients registered over a period of three year with mean age 27.699±17.825. Majority cases were from Srinagar district with maximum frequency during summer season. The maxi-mum victims (96%) were by stray dogs. About 96% of the patients had injuries to single body region and the lower limbs were affected in (46.5%). The majority of the pa-tients who came to centre were of class III (74%) as most of the cases were referrals to tertiary centre. Inpatient treatment was required in (9%) patients. The ARC of SMHS has registered 8 deaths due to ra-bies in three year period with alarming increase of dog terror in Kashmiri population.
Conclusions: Dog bites injuries in Kashmir are very frequent and dog population is increasing in alarm-ing rates. Children who are younger than 10 years represent the high-risk group for dog attacks leading to alarming increase in anxiety disorders among children and directly or indirectly it inï¬‚uences the quality of life of Kashmir population. Therefore, prevention strategies should focus on public education and strict dog population control.
Dog Bite, Kashmir, Rabies