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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(1): 66-68

Analysis of Dog Bites in Kashmir: An Unprovoked Threat to Population

Kouser Sideeq, Sufoora Bilquees, Mohammad Salimkhan, Inaam Ul Haq.

"Objectives: The study focuses on the analysis of regional distribu-tion, pattern and outcome of dog bite injuries sustained in Kashmiri population and assessing the bur-den on society.
Methods: In this retrospective sur-vey antirabies clinic record of all patients who sought medical atten-tion after a dog bite in tertiary cen-tre of Kashmir SMHS hospital be-tween April2010 to May 2013 were reviewed.
Results: A total of 13852 patients registered over a period of three year with mean age 27.699±17.825. Majority cases were from Srinagar district with maximum frequency during summer season. The maxi-mum victims (96%) were by stray dogs. About 96% of the patients had injuries to single body region and the lower limbs were affected in (46.5%). The majority of the pa-tients who came to centre were of class III (74%) as most of the cases were referrals to tertiary centre. Inpatient treatment was required in (9%) patients. The ARC of SMHS has registered 8 deaths due to ra-bies in three year period with alarming increase of dog terror in Kashmiri population.
Conclusions: Dog bites injuries in Kashmir are very frequent and dog population is increasing in alarm-ing rates. Children who are younger than 10 years represent the high-risk group for dog attacks leading to alarming increase in anxiety disorders among children and directly or indirectly it influences the quality of life of Kashmir population. Therefore, prevention strategies should focus on public education and strict dog population control.

Key words: Dog Bite, Kashmir, Rabies

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