A case of pneumonia due to co-infection of two different viruses
Sinan Mahir Kayıran, Seçil Erçin, Petek Genç Kayıran, Egemen Eroglu, Terman Gümüs, Berkan Gürakan.
Objective: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of death in the world, especially for small children. There are wide range of etiological agents varying according to age. As conventional culture methods require longer test times for viral and atypical pathogens, nucleic acid tests with higher sensitivity and specificity are advantageous for rapid detection and due to detection of several different agents in the same sample, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test offers rapid diagnosis.
Case: In this paper, we report a 4 year-old boy with two different viral co-infection (H1N1 and human metapneumovirus infections) causing pneumonia.
Conclusion: This case higlights the importance of detection of viral etiologies especially with PCR to avoid unnecessary antibiotic use.
Key words: Influenza A (H1N1), Metapneumovirus, Multiplex PCR, Pneumonia