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Original Article

PAFMJ. 2015; 65(5): 664-668


FREQUENCY OF SYPHILIS AMONG ANTENATAL CLINIC ATTENDEE IN COMBINED MILITARY HOSPITAL ABBOTTABAD

Mamuna Qayum, Nasira Shaheen, Muhamamd Qaiser Alam Khan, Nomira Waheed, Waleed Ali.

Abstract
Objective: Frequency of syphilis among pregnant women attending Combined Military Hospital Abbottabad
Study Design: Descriptive study.
Material and Methods: A screening for syphilis of 500 married pregnant women presenting to antenatal clinics was carried out using the qualitative Rapid Plasma Regent (RPR) test/ Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. The Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test was used as confirmatory test for all Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test positive cases.
Results: A total of 8 women (1.6%) were positive for Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. Out of these 4 (0.8%) were positive for Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test. All of these cases have bad obstetrical history.
Conclusion: The sero-positivity of Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test is (1.6%), considered high among pregnant women reporting in obstetrics clinics of Combined Military Hospital Abbottabad. Similarly sero-positivity of Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test is (0.8%) considered high among the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test population. Therefore
Screening of syphilis in pregnancy especially in patients having bad obstetrical history (BOH) should be incorporated into the study.

Key words: Antenatal Screening, Prevalence, Syphilis, TPHA, VDRL.


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