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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(2): 227-229

Epidemiological Trends of Malaria Cases in Rural Health and Training Centre of Madhya Pradesh

Leena Balpande, Sanjay K Gupta, Sanjay S Agarwal.

"Background: Malaria is a well-known disease and it continues to be a major public health problem at the start of new millennium. The problem is persistent not only amongst the city dwellers but also amongst the rural population. The problem in rural India is that the settlements are difficult to ap-proach, road and transport facili-ties are minimal and health care facilities are scarce. The need of the study is to study the hospital based proportion of fever cases being diagnosed as malaria and deter-mines the trend of malaria.
Methods: A retrospective observa-tional study was carried out at ru-ral health and training centre at Ratua village regarding malaria cases, all suspected fever cases were reported to centre sent for peripheral blood examination in laboratory.
Results: In the present study from (20062013) a total of 4454 (7%) fever suspected cases sent for ma-laria diagnosis in rural training health centre out of that 389(8.7%) came positive for malaria antigen. According to types of plasmodium species plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 95.1% and 4.8% of malaria morbidity respectively. Malaria was reported in all age groups and both sexes, but the 1120 year age group were affected more 93 (24%).
Conclusion: P.vivax was the most common type of malaria. In the studied area malaria was common among males than females, com-monly affected age group were between 11-20 years of age.

Key words: Epidemiological Trend, Malaria, Rural Area

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