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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(2): 219-222


Malaria Pattern in a District of Central India

Sachin Pandey, Vijay Kumar Manwani, Arun Singh.


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Abstract
"Introduction: Malaria has been a major public health problem in India especially in the areas rich in forests and water resources e.g. Chhattisgarh. The study was car-ried out to determine the pattern of malaria and to assess the preva-lence of malaria in a district of the region.
Methodology: A longitudinal study on malaria was carried out from 2004 to 2013 in the Bilaspur district which has been an area of unstable malaria in central India for long duration.
Results: Out of total 2380570 exam-ined persons only 42320 (1.9%) were positive i.e. Total Positive Cases (TPC) for malaria parasite (C.G.) and out these only 24849 (59.1%) were Plasmodium falcipa-rum (PF).Thus the Plasmodium falciparum was highly prevalent in the study area; however, the risk of P. falciparum malaria was 59.1 % (average often years i.e. from 2004 to 2013 was taken), (95% confidence interval [CI] = 58.462.6%), An in-creasing trend was recorded in malaria prevalence from 48.0% in 2004 to 63.1% in 2013 (odds ratio [OR] = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.63.5) that increased to 57.3% in 2005 (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.22.1).
Conclusions: Because no declining trends were observed during the whole study duration of 10 years therefore malaria especially falci-parum malaria is a matter of con-cern for the authorities responsible for management of Malaria at var-ious levels of public health sector i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary level in the study area.

Key words: Malaria, Plasmodia Falciparum, Central India, Slide Positivity


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