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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(2): 165-168


Do Gender Differences Influence the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS?

Namita N Deshmukh, Jyotsna S Deshmukh, Avinash M Borkar, Suresh N Ughade, Deepak K Lone, Prakash R Bhatkule, Mohan B Khamgaonkar.


Abstract

"Introduction: Given the longevity achievable with the current An-tiretroviral Therapy (ART) for People Living with HIV/AIDS, quality of life (QOL) has emerged as a significant measure of health outcome. Also, younger age, high-er socioeconomic status and em-ployment have been associated with improvement in QOL. Hence, the present study has made an at-tempt to examine gender differ-ences in QOL of People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).
Material and methods: It was a cross sectional study carried out on 754 HIV positive patients attending the anti-retroviral treatment clinic of the IGGMC, Nagpur from March 2010 to June 2011 .Socio-demographic characteristics of the patients were studied and quality of life was assessed by WHOQOL-HIVBREF scale. Chi-square test, z-test and multiple logistic regres-sions were used for analysis.
Results: Out of 754 study subjects, 461(61.1%) were male and 293(38.9%) were female patients. It was observed that92.2% males and 80.2%females were literate, 50.8%females were widowed, di-vorced or separated and only 41.6% females were employed. Females had poor nutritional status as indi-cated by haemoglobin levels (9.3 gm% ± 1.33) and Body Mass Indices (19.3 Kg/m2 ± 2.95). They had low-er total QOL score than male pa-tients. Women had significantly lower scores in social relationships (11.5±3.55) and environmental do-mains (10.6 ± 2.19), (p

Key words: HIV, AIDS, Quality of life, Gender






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