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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(3): 325-328

Rural Urban Differentials of Treatment Seeking Behaviour for Acute Respiratory Infection among Children in Puducherry

Anindo Majumdar, K C Premarajan, Kumar S Ganesh, A M Veerakumar, Gomathi Ramaswamy.

Purpose: To explore the rural-urban differentials with respect to treatment seeking behaviour and cost incurred for Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) among under-five children.
Methodology: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Puducherry among 270 under-five children. Data on treatment seeking behaviour and cost incurred was collected from the parents using a semi-structured questionnaire.
Results: The perceived severity of ARI episode was significantly higher among rural areas compared to urban (p=0.04). For consultation, majority preferred the government sector (63%) in rural and private sector in urban areas (51.2%). Main reasons for preferring type of consultation were proximity (61.1%) and trust (51.2%) in rural and urban areas respectively. Rural parents were significantly less satisfied with outside consultation (p=0.003). Home remedies were preferred by 17.9% and 10% parents in rural and urban areas respectively. Median direct cost incurred in both areas was Rs 250.
Conclusion: Differences in treatment seeking behaviour should be kept in mind while designing interventions.

Key words: ARI, Treatment seeking behaviour, rural-urban, under-five

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