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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(3): 311-315


Clinico Epidemiological Study on Burn Victims: What is the Current Picture in a Tertiary Care Hospital of India?

Gandhari Basu, Subikas Biswas, Chitra Chatterjee, Reshmi Mondal, Prasanta Kumar Sarkar, Kingsuk Sarkar.

Abstract
Background: Globally, burn injuries are one of the major health hazards, caused by a variety of agents such as heat, electricity, radiation, and corrosive substances. In a developing country like India, burn injuries continue to be a challenging problem due to poor medical facilities, lack of safety measures, absence of public awareness, dowry, poverty and illiteracy. The present study was conducted to study epidemiology, clinical presentation of burn victims.
Methods: A descriptive, epidemiological study was done with a pre designed proforma for eight months among 58 cases with thermal injuries. The proforma was translated in local language and informed verbal consent was obtained from the respondent in favorable situation. The ac-companying personís consent was taken in other situation.All the information on various aspects of burn related epidemiology was gathered either from the patient or from the accompanying person depending on the severity of case.
Results: Among 58 cases, 46 were females and 12 were males. Illiteracy was present in more than one third subjects. There was significant difference in the incidence for occurrence of burn among different gender,place of residence, education level, occupation, marital status, social class(P

Key words: Burn injury, Epidemiology, Pre designed proforma, TBSA, Etiology



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