Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Hypertension in Kerala: A study of prevalence, control, and knowledge among adults

Sebastian NM, Jesha MM, Sheela P Haveri, Arya S Nath.

Abstract
Background: Hypertension a silent killer as it is symptomless and remains undiagnosed, and not controlled if diagnosed. Hypertension is on the increase and affects more than 20% of adult population. Prevalence estimates are required to design control measures for hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and stroke.

Objective: This study aims to reveal the prevalence, proportion of hypertension cases treated and controlled, and the knowledge and practice among hypertensives.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adults above 30 in the municipal town of Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India. The blood pressures (BPs) of 1154 adults were recorded at their homes along with their personal details, history of earlier diagnosis, treatment, and dietary and lifestyle modification. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel and analyzed using Epi-info.

Result: The prevalence of hypertension was 32.3%. Among them 55% were already diagnosed and 45% newly diagnosed during the study. The prevalence increases with age. Prevalence of prehypertension was 43.7%. Among those treated, only 33.9% had their BPs controlled. The percentage of those who were aware of dietary restriction was 79.4% and 76% were practicing. The percentage of subjects aware of a need for regular BP check was 83.6% but 69% were doing so. Only 42.6% were aware of a need for other lifestyle changes and 34.4% were practicing. Age, family history, and sedentary lifestyle were identified as correlates of hypertension.

Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension is high and the control of hypertension among those treated is low.

Key words: Hypertension, prevalence, control, correlates, awareness and practice



Similar Articles

New benzyltriethylammonium/urea deep eutectic solvent: Quantum calculation and application to hyrdoxylethylcellulose modification.
Azougagh O, Essayeh S, Achalhi N, El Idrissi A, Amhamdi H, Loutou M, El Ouardi Y, Salhi A, Abou-Salama M, El Barkany S
Carbohydrate polymers. 2022; 276(): 118737

Passive social media use and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of social comparison and emotion regulation.
Yue Z, Zhang R, Xiao J
Computers in human behavior. 2022; 127(): 107050

Carbonaceous materials for removal and recovery of phosphate species: Limitations, successes and future improvement.
Recepoglu YK, Goren AY, Orooji Y, Khataee A
Chemosphere. 2022; 287(Pt 2): 132177

A Transfer Learning-Based Approach with Deep CNN for COVID-19- and Pneumonia-Affected Chest X-ray Image Classification.
Chakraborty S, Paul S, Hasan KMA
SN computer science. 2022; 3(1): 17

Biovalue in Human Brain Banking: Applications and Challenges for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases.
Vedam-Mai V
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2389(): 209-220


Full-text options


Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org






Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.



ScopeMed Web Sites