Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Research

Hypertension in Kerala: A study of prevalence, control, and knowledge among adults

Sebastian NM, Jesha MM, Sheela P Haveri, Arya S Nath.

Background: Hypertension a silent killer as it is symptomless and remains undiagnosed, and not controlled if diagnosed. Hypertension is on the increase and affects more than 20% of adult population. Prevalence estimates are required to design control measures for hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and stroke.

Objective: This study aims to reveal the prevalence, proportion of hypertension cases treated and controlled, and the knowledge and practice among hypertensives.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adults above 30 in the municipal town of Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India. The blood pressures (BPs) of 1154 adults were recorded at their homes along with their personal details, history of earlier diagnosis, treatment, and dietary and lifestyle modification. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel and analyzed using Epi-info.

Result: The prevalence of hypertension was 32.3%. Among them 55% were already diagnosed and 45% newly diagnosed during the study. The prevalence increases with age. Prevalence of prehypertension was 43.7%. Among those treated, only 33.9% had their BPs controlled. The percentage of those who were aware of dietary restriction was 79.4% and 76% were practicing. The percentage of subjects aware of a need for regular BP check was 83.6% but 69% were doing so. Only 42.6% were aware of a need for other lifestyle changes and 34.4% were practicing. Age, family history, and sedentary lifestyle were identified as correlates of hypertension.

Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension is high and the control of hypertension among those treated is low.

Key words: Hypertension, prevalence, control, correlates, awareness and practice

Similar Articles

Applications of chitosan and chitosan based metallic nanoparticles in agrosciences-A review.
Chouhan D, Mandal P
International journal of biological macromolecules. 2021; 166(): 1554-1569

An Insight into the Anti-Angiogenic and Anti-Metastatic Effects of Oridonin: Current Knowledge and Future Potential.
Abdullah NA, Md Hashim NF, Ammar A, Muhamad Zakuan N
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2021; 26(4):

Policy Action Within Urban African Food Systems to Promote Healthy Food Consumption: A Realist Synthesis in Ghana and Kenya.
Booth A, Barnes A, Laar A, Akparibo R, Graham F, Bash K, Asiki G, Holdsworth M
International journal of health policy and management. 2021; ():

Contrasting Associations of Prudent and Western Dietary Patterns with Risk of Developing Venous Thromboembolism.
Yi SY, Steffen LM, Lutsey PL, Cushman M, Folsom AR
The American journal of medicine. 2021; ():

Influence of germinated brown rice-based flour modified by MAse on type 2 diabetic mice and HepG2 cell cytotoxic capacity.
Nguyen NTL, Nguyen BDT, Dai TTX, Co SH, Do TT, Tong Thi AN, Oladapo IJ, Nguyen Cong H
Food science & nutrition. 2021; 9(2): 781-793

Recurrence and survival after standard versus oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer.
André C, Holsti C, Svenner A, Sackey H, Oikonomou I, Appelgren M, Johansson ALV, de Boniface J
BJS open. 2021; 5(1):

Analytical evaluation of serum non-transferrin-bound iron and its relationships with oxidative stress and cardiac load in the general population.
Sugiura T, Dohi Y, Takase H, Fujii S, Seo Y, Ohte N
Medicine. 2021; 100(7): e24722

Fever range whole body hyperthermia for re-irradiation of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas: Final results of a prospective study.
Zschaeck S, Weingärtner J, Ghadjar P, Wust P, Mehrhof F, Kalinauskaite G, Ehrhardt VH, Hartmann V, Tinhofer I, Heiland M, Coordes A, Kofla G, Budach V, Stromberger C, Beck M
Oral oncology. 2021; 116(): 105240

Full-text options

American Journal of Diagnostic Imaging


Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.