Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Short Communication

Physicochemical characterization of Theobroma cacao L. mucilage, in Ecuadorian coast

Carlos Balladares, Jairo García, Iván Chóez-Guaranda, Sebastian Pérez, Juan González, Daynet Sosa, Rafael Viteri, Ana Barragán, Maria Quijano-Aviles, Patricia Manzano.

In 2014, Ecuador generated 141,000 MT of cocoa sweatings equivalent to 12,320 MT of reducing sugars that through fermentation can become Bioetanol. Cocoa sweatings was characterized to determinate its potential as biofuel. Methodologies described by AOAC 2005 standards were used. Values of 10.6 Brix; pH 3.58; density 1.10 g / ml, total sugars 12 and 33% reducing sugars 6.39% were observed. Chemical groups such as alkaloids, reducing sugars, and coumarins triterpenoid were identified by phytochemical screeninng. 20 chemical compounds were detected using by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS): 3 carboxilic acids, 4 sugar acids, 3 sugar alcohols, 2 amino acids, 1 furan, 2 lactones, 1 monosaccharides, 2 disaccharides and 2 glicosides. They represent the 11.08% of total compounds separated, and Sucrose (2.15%), glucose (2.13%) and fructose (4.42%) were identified by HPLC. The study showed that for each kilogram of dry cocoa produced 0.59 kg of mucilage are obtained and its sugars are an interesting source of raw material for the production of second generation bioethanol, results that contribute to reducing the environmental impact that generate these wastes.

Key words: Key words: Cocoa, mucilage, leachate, Theobroma cacao, bioethanol

Similar Articles

Identification of key genes involved in axon regeneration and Wallerian degeneration by weighted gene co-expression network analysis.
Lu Y, Shan Q, Ling M, Ni XA, Mao SS, Yu B, Cao QQ
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 911-919

Cultivation-Based Quantification and Identification of Bacteria at Two Hygienic Key Sides of Domestic Washing Machines.
Jacksch S, Zohra H, Weide M, Schnell S, Egert M
Microorganisms. 2021; 9(5):

Hypoxia and HIF-1 as key regulators of gut microbiota and host interactions.
Pral LP, Fachi JL, CorrĂŞa RO, Colonna M, Vinolo MAR
Trends in immunology. 2021; 42(7): 604-621

Spinal cord injury and aging: an exploration of the interrelatedness between key psychosocial factors contributing to the process of resilience.
Jenkins HT, Cosco TD
Health psychology and behavioral medicine. 2021; 9(1): 315-321

The Neotropical green lacewing genus Ceraeochrysa Adams (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)-new synonymies and combinations, a new species, and an updated key to species.
Sosa-Duque FJ, Tauber CA
Zootaxa. 2021; 4970(1): 152

Full-text options

Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.

ScopeMed Web Sites