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A Study on Rumen Foreign Body Impaction in Sheep Slaughtered at the Maiduguri Metropolitan Abattoir, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Diana Anjili Bwala, Innocent Damudu Peter, Chinedu Athanasius Eze, Yachilla Maryam Bukar-Kolo, Muhammad Modu Bukar.

Abstract
This study was conducted on sheep slaughtered at the Maiduguri Metropolitan Council abattoir with the objective of determining the histopathology of the rumen with foreign body impaction. A total of 91 sheep (63 males and 28 females) were selected using simple random sampling. Out of the total number, 15 (16.5%) were found to have foreign bodies, of which 13 (86.7%) were females while 2 (13.3%) were males. The Foreign bodies identified were an admixture of polythene, plastic materials (shopping bags, mats and ropes) and pieces of wood. Breed distribution of the foreign body impaction showed that the highest percentage was recorded in crossbreeds (20%) while the lowest was in Uda breed (8.3%). It was demonstrated that rumen with Foreign Body Impaction was characterized by increased keratinisation of the mucosal epithelium. The associated keratinisation of the rumen epithelium and the expected deleterious effects on rumen nutrient uptake might exacerbate further, the problems of shortage and low quality of feed in the arid Sahel region where Maiduguri is situated. This information is important for clinicians for management of FBI in ewes.

Key words: Foreign Body, Impaction, Maiduguri, Nigeria, Sheep, Rumen



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