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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(2): 270-273


A Study on Awareness about Harmful Effects of Tobacco Use among Rural Population in Dehradun District of Uttarakhand

Danish Imtiaz, Sunit Dutt Kandpal, Ruchi Juyal, Ved Prakash Shrotriya.


Abstract

"Background: Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable causes of premature death, disease and disability around the world. An estimated 4.9 million deaths occurring annually can be attributed to tobacco use. Objective of this study was to assess the awareness of current tobacco users towards harmful effects of tobacco in the rural population.
Method: The study was conducted in the rural field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun. The households was selected by systematic random sampling and all the current tobacco users in the surveyed house were personally interviewed about the harmful effects of tobacco by using a pre-structured and pretested schedule.
Results: Overall 993 current tobacco users (Males-84.3%, Female-15.7%) were interviewed. Most of the tobacco users (87.4%) were aware of the hazardous effects of tobacco. 82.7% of men and 75.6% of women knew that tobacco consumption can lead to lung cancer. Most of the tobacco users (85.1%) were aware that oral consumption of tobacco can lead to oral cancer. Television (46.2%) was the main source of information about harmful effects of tobacco. Males (87.7%) were found to be more aware as compared to females (62.2%) regarding the warning labels on tobacco packets.
Conclusion: Although current tobacco users were found to be aware regarding harmful effects of tobacco but still there is a need for initiating community awareness programmes targeting the rural population and making them aware of the various health consequences of tobacco use. "

Key words: Awareness, Tobacco use, Harmful effects






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