Are There any Difference in Haematological Parameters in Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women?
Snehalata J Chaudhari, Rajeshri K Bodat.
Abstract "Introduction: Pregnancy is a state characterized by many physiological haematological changes, which may appear to be pathological in the non-pregnant state. Objective of the study was to compare various haematological parameters between non-pregnant women and women in third trimester.
Method: This cross sectional study was undertaken in new civil hospital, Surat. Twenty five pregnant women in third trimester were taken as cases and another twenty five non pregnant healthy women of 18 to 32 years were taken as control group. Haematological parameters and blood pressure were studied for each study subjects.
Results: Mean haemoglobin value is significantly lower in third trimester women in comparison to control group (p < 0.001). Mean RBC count is significantly lower (p < 0.001) and mean WBC count was higher in third trimester women in comparison to non-pregnant women (p < 0.001). Mean ESR value was seen very much elevated in third trimester compared to non-pregnant women (p < 0.001). Mean blood pressure levels were slightly higher in third trimester women in comparison to non-pregnant women but the differences were statistically not significant (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that altered haematological indices are seen during third trimester of normal pregnancy in comparison to non-pregnant women.
Key words: Pregnancy, haematological changes, third trimester, haemoglobin, ESR