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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(3): 398-404

Immunization Coverage in Rural and Urban Field Practice areas of a Medical College of Gujarat

Gneyaa S Bhatt, Vaishali M Mehariya, Roshni K Dave, Madhuri Mahavadiya, Manish Rana, Rashmi Sharma, Pradeep Kumar.

"Background: Immunization coverage indicates functionality of health program. Partial/ non-immunization will have different reasons for so also for rural and urban areas. Objective of the study was conducted to find out proportions of fully/ partially/ not immunized children, identify/ compare reasons for partial/ non-immunization and suggest corrective measures.
Methods: Based on sample size calculated as per District Level Household Survey 3, study included 1749 and 1102 children (2 – 35 months) in urban and rural areas respectively. House to House Monitoring Format for Routine Immunization (WHO) was used with suitable modifications and data was analysed using Microsoft excel.
Results: Among 2851 children, vaccination card was available with 45.3% (urban) and 32.8% (rural). Proportions of fully immunized children (12 – 23 months) were 86.4% (urban) and 83.4% (rural) and those “not vaccinated at all” were 2.3% (urban) and 1.6% (rural). DPT/ OPV booster coverage (24 – 35 months) were 87.5% (urban) and 74% (rural) were main hurdles in completing immunization. Reasons for missing doses were sickness of child, no felt need, fear of adverse effects following immunization (AEFI), unawareness about session site etc.
Conclusions: Coverage was better than the national surveys still the causes for no/ partial vaccinations need to be addressed through specific interventions to take the coverage to cent percent."

Key words: immunization, coverage, rural, urban

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