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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(3): 354-357


A Study of Time and Sex Distribution of Road Traffic Accident Cases in Western Uttar Pradesh

Preeti Verma, Subhash C Gupta, Menaal Kaushal, Gagan Singh.

Abstract
"Introduction: Globalization has improved the socio-economic status resulting in more use of vehicles and this resulted in increased number of road traffic accident (RTA) cases. Objectives of the study were to study the gender difference in RTA cases and also to study the time distribution i.e. difference in occurrence of RTAs as per time of the day, day of the week and the various months of the year
Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study, conducted at Emergency department and Hospital of S.N. Medical College, Agra. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20.0.
Results: Out of total 425 RTA cases, majority were males (89.6%).About 7/10th cases (70.1%) occurred during weekdays). Overall, maximum cases (18.1%) occurred on Thursdays. According to time distribution trends 69.2% of accidents took place between 12.00 to 7.59 pm. Regarding months and season wise distribution, September had the maximum (12.0%) accidents and highest percentage (40.0%) of accidents occurred in rainy season. This seasonal variation was found to be highly statistically significant (P

Key words: Road traffic accidents, seasonal trend, day and time distribution, Emergency department


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