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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(4): 566-570


Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Transport Drivers In Rural Area Of Andhra Pradesh

Sharvanan Eshwaran Udayar, Rajesh Kumar K, Praveen Kumar BA, Sivachandiran Vairamuthu, Srinivas Thatuku.

Abstract
"Background: Non-communicable diseases are the leading causes of death globally and recent studies had demonstrated that transport drivers are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular diseases due to an incorrect diet, sedentary behavior, unhealthy lifestyles and obesity.
Objective: To characterize transport drivers working in shifts through the assessment of clinical and demographic variables and the presence of some cardiovascular risk factors.
Materials and methods: Cross sectional study was carried out among transport drivers of APSRTC of Kuppam. Data was collected regarding socio-demographic profile, morbidity status, perceived occupational problems and anthropometry were also measured.
Results: Out of 244 transport drivers 114 were tobacco consumers and 139 subjects were alcohol consumers. Perceived reasons for smoking were it suppresses cold (28.04%) and enables to concentrate on work (20.73%). Perceived reasons for alcohol consumption were peer pressure (25.9%) and it suppresses cold (20.1%). 36.1% were pre-obese, 35.2% were obese, 22.95% were pre-hypertensive and 18.86% hypertensive. Duration of alcohol intake and tobacco use, BMI, WHR& WC were significantly associated with hypertension.
Conclusions: Higher prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular disease with various perceived reasons and they were statistically significantly associated with hypertension.
"

Key words: Hypertension, Transport Drivers, Risk Factors



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