Epidemiological Profile of Anaemia among Rural School Going Adolescents of District Bareilly, India
Ajay Kumar Agarwal, Hari Shankar Joshi, Syed Esam Mahmood, Arun Singh, Mahendra Sharma.
"Background: WHO estimates that India has highest prevalence of anaemia among the South East Asian Countries. During adolescence anaemia is more prevalent due to growth spurt.
Objectives: To find out the prevalence of anaemia among rural school going adolescents and to identify the associated factors.
Material and Methods: One year cross sectional study was conducted in western Uttar Pradesh among 900 school going adolescents using multistage sampling. A structured schedule was used to collect the information. Chi-square test was applied to analyse data using SPSS software.
Results: The overall prevalence of anaemia was 58.67%. Prevalence of anaemia was significantly higher among the females (65.11%). Higher prevalence of anaemia was found among adolescents aged between 10-14 years (59.58%), Hindus (62.04%), middle socio-economic class (78.89%) and joint families (59.63%). Higher prevalence was also found among those adolescents whose mothers and fathers were educated upto primary level (58.87% and 60.83% respectively).
Conclusion: High prevalence of anaemia was found, especially among the female adolescents. Adequate food consumption and regular intake of iron and vitamin C rich foods during early childhood period, de-worming, food fortification, supplementary feeding and nutrition education of parents can prevent nutritional anaemia in adolescents.
Key words: Anaemia, adolescents, females, rural