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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(4): 500-503

Assessment of Safe Injection Practices in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Study from Chhattisgarh

Divya Sahu, Narinder Gandhi.

"Background: Unsafe injection practices are associated with transmission of blood -borne pathogens. The present study was undertaken to determine the knowledge and practice about safe injection among injection providers in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: a cross –sectional survey of sixty two nurses was done in their working hours and 2119 observations were made in pre-designed pre-tested proforma.
Results: Injection provider’s knowledge about risk of transmission of pathogens like HIV was 77.4%, for HBV was 33.8%, and for HCV was 1.6%. While knowledge about unsafe injection practices like reuse of same needle was 98.3% and reuse of same syringe with needle changed was 96.7%. Risk practices observed were providers did not wore gloves (43.1%), did not washed hands (70.3%), shredding of needle not done after use (91.7%), syringes and needle were placed on a surface or carried any distance prior to disposal (64.4%), injection provider reached into a mass of used needle and syringes (36.6%) and recapping of needle was done (33.1%).
Conclusion: The results indicates knowledge about safe injection practices was sufficient, despite that unsafe practices associated with risk to provider and community was seen.

Key words: Injection providers, Knowledge, Practice, Safe injection

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