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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2015; 6(4): 496-499


Prevalence of Hypertension and Its Risk Factors among class III and class IV Government Employees in Ahmedabad

Dhara Prajapati, Geeta Kedia.




Abstract

"Background: The developing country including India is experiencing epidemiological transition from communicable to Non communicable diseases and hypertension has emerged as a significant public health problem in both urban and rural areas. The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of Hypertension and its risk-factors in government employees of Ahmedabad city.
Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 600 government employees of B.J. Medical College of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Data was collected using a pre-tested, questionnaire and Blood pressure was measured.
Results: Prevalence of hypertension was 17 % in males and 19.67% in females. Prevalence of hypertension was 53.28 % in age group of 55 years and above. 10.66 % males and 11.66 % females were found hypertensive on examination. Based on Odds Ratio, History of Tobacco consumption, family history of hypertension, low vegetables and fruits intake and higher waist circumference was associated with more risk of hypertension.
Conclusions: History of Tobacco consumption, family history of hypertension, low vegetables and fruits intake and higher waist circumference increase the risk of hypertension.
"

Key words: Hypertension, Government employee, Risk factors, BMI






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