"Background: Late preterm infants are physiologically less mature and have limited compensatory responses to the extra-uterine environment, compared with term infants. Although late preterm infants are the largest subgroup of preterm infants, there has been little research on this group until recently.
Aims: The present study is an attempt to obtain actual data on pattern of early neonatal morbidities and mortality among late preterm infant.
Material and Methods: This hospital based retrospective study was carried out by enrolling live newborns admitted during January 2014 to December 2014 in the neonatal intensive care unit at Civil Hospital, Gandhinagar, Gujarat. With ethical permission from Institutional Ethical Committee and administrative permission from medical superintendent files of the neonates were retrospectively reviewed.
Results: Mean weight in term neonates is more (3.14±0.48) than late preterm neonates (2.35±0.43). Chance of any morbidity is almost 3 times higher in late preterm compared to term neonates. Proportional death rate is more than double in late preterm neonates (13.79%) compared to term neonates (6.25%).
Conclusion: Late preterm neonates are at higher risk of different morbidities and mortalities so they required extra care and special attention for prevention of any adverse effect.
Late preterm neonates, Term neonates, Morbidity and mortality in neonate