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Original Research

Natl J Med Res. 2016; 6(1): 23-27


Prevalence of Vitamin-A deficiency & refractive errors in primary school-going children

Rupali Darpan Maheshgauri, Radhika paranjpe, Abha Gahlot, ami gohil, sonali Pote, deepaswi bhavsar, Gira Raninga, Gira Raninga, Gira Raninga, Gira Raninga, Gira Raninga.




Abstract

Abstract:
PURPOSE:
To assess refractive errors in primary school-going children. To critically analyze the need for supplementation of Vitamin A, to children of low socioeconomic strata. Methods: Students were examined from 2 primary schools. Visual acuity was tested using Snellen’s chart, Pictogram & Landolt C chart. Detailed anterior and posterior segment examination using Binocular loop, Ophthalmoscope and Streak retinoscope. RESULTS: Total no of 560 children of age 3 to 13yr were screened from 2 primary schools.Statistically significant difference was found in the age of the study subject & presence of refractive errors. Percentage of students having Refractive error: myopia (29.64%) is the major cause of refractive error, followed by astigmatism (4.28%) hypermetropia (3.25%) and amblyopia (1.25%). Conclusion: It was observed that many children had high refractive error and were undiagnosed. The possible reason could be ignorance on the part of teachers and parents, even when the children have vision related complains. Also the children in the younger age-group lack the acumen to judge whether they can see clearly or not. Prevalence of Vitamin A deficiency appears reduced in urban areas.

Key words: Key-words: Vitamin A deficiency, refractive error, primary school going children,






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