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Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(3): 284-288


Public awareness and attitude towards pediatric epilepsy in Hail city, Saudi Arabia

Abdelrahim Awadelkarim Abdelrhman Mohamed, Yasir Ghareeb Alrashdan, Abdullah Abdulhadi Alharbi, Mohammed Saqer Alshammari, Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi, Rawaby Khalid AlShammari, Afrah Abdullah AlShammari, Ghadah Fahad Aloliqi, Sara Emad Alrayya.

Abstract
Background: Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures. It affects individuals of all ages and very common in Saudi Arabia with a prevalence of 6.54 per 1000. This study was aimed to show general knowledge, public awareness and attitude towards epileptic patients in Hail city, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out in Hail city, Saudi Arabia from 1 January to 31 May 2018. A questionnaire including questions concerning the neurological disorder was used to collect data from 1007 samples of random residents of Hail city, Saudi Arabia. Distribution included a hand-to-hand method and online distribution of the questionnaire through the web.
Results: More than half (55.1%) of the respondents were females. There was a high positive response rate of 83.7% for having previous information about epilepsy, and 42.6% responded that they know the cause of epilepsy and 4.6% knew someone with epilepsy. About quarter (24.4%) agreed that epilepsy is psychiatric disease, 10.2% of the participants thought that epilepsy is a contagious disease, 24.4% thought that it's psychiatric disease, 19.1% thought that epilepsy have the same manifestations in all cases, 56.5% thought it's a treatable disease, 35.1% thought that all cases need antiepileptic drug.
Conclusion: Our results showed that epilepsy is a well-known disorder in Hail city, Saudi Arabia. There was a high positive response rate of 83.7% for having previous information about epilepsy, and 42.6% responded that they know the cause of epilepsy but only quarter (24.4%) agreed that epilepsy is a psychiatric disease. Hence, educational awareness programs and campaigns are needed for improving the public awareness about epilepsy in Hail city, Saudi Arabia.

Key words: Epilepsy, general knowledge, public awareness, attitude towards epileptic patients, Hail City, Saudi Arabia



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