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Original Article

J Med Allied Sci. 2016; 6(2): 68-71

CD4 lymphocyte response following anti-retroviral therapy in HIV/AIDS patients - A study in Osmania General Hospital

Srinivasa Rao Nanyam, Ravala Siddeswari, Budithi Sudarsi, Barla Suryanarayana, Challagali Prabhu Kumar, Thatikala Abhilash.


The present study aims serial four year assessment of CD4 cell response after initiation of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in patients with HIV/AIDS attending Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad. It was a retrospective hospital based observational study. We included 110 HIV/AIDS who were on ART. Data was collected over a period of 04 years from 2005 to 2008 in the ART Centre, Upgraded Department of General Medicine, Osmania General Hospital. Data regarding CD4 cell count over 4 years was assessed for mean CD4 cell count, trends, age and sex wise distribution. All patients were on ART as per National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) guidelines. Complete blood picture, serum creatinine, blood urea, serum electrolytes, liver function tests, sputum for acid fast bacilli, chest radiography, CD4 cell count in all patients, fine needle aspiration and biopsy (if necessary), magnetic resonance imaging (if necessary), computerized tomography (if necessary), colonoscopy (if necessary). The present study showed mean CD4 count improvement of 128.78 cells/mm3 after 6 months of initiation of ART, 24.77cells /mm3 after 1 year, additional 67.53 cells/mm3 after 2nd year and after 3rd year 5.59cells/mm3 from base line CD4 cell count. Improvement in CD4 count was almost equal in both male and female and in age group

Key words: Anti-retroviral therapy, CD4 count, HIV, National Aids Control Organisation

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