HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHIC FINDINGS AMONG INFERTILE WOMEN
RAHILA RAMZAN, SAJIDA PARVEEN, SERWAT JEHAN.
OBJECTIVE: To determine hysterosalpingographic findings among women with infertility.
STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional descriptive study.
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Infertility Clinic Baqai University Hospital Nazimabad Karachi, from 1st January 2007 to 31st December 2011.
METHODOLOGY: In this cross sectional study, Non probability purposive sampling was done. Infertile women attending infertility OPD, having X-ray Hysterosalpingography films with them (done within last 2 years) at their initial visit were included. The radiological films were studied and imaging features described. Specific features included were patent or blocked tubes, hydrosalpinx, beaded tubes, congenital uterine abnormalities and filling defects. Women more than 40 years, having history of unilateral or bilateral salpingectomy or history of Lap and Dye and women who had azoospermia in their male partner were excluded.
RESULTS: The age at presentation was between 25-34 years. Primary infertility was found in 56.43% and secondary infertility 43.56% .
The commonest finding was tubal blockage.
CONCLUSION: Hysterosalpingography done as a part of initial infertility workup may help in timely intervention for conception rather than identifying tubal problem in an age where female fertility is markedly declined.
Key words: Hysterosalpingography, Infertility, Tubal blockage