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RMJ. 2016; 41(3): 277-279

Etiology of cirrhosis among adults in Karachi- perspective from three tertiary care hospitals

Wajahat Fareed, Abubakar Tauseef, Sadia Wasay, Tanveer Alam, Raisa Altaf, Zunaira nawaz.

Objective: To determine the etiology of cirrhosis in adults in from three tertiary care hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted at Civil Hospital, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center and Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Data were collected from August 26, 2014 to December 10, 2014. The study included 377 individuals. Data were analyzed by using SPSS v. 16.0.
Results: Out of 377 individuals, 211(55.97%) were males and 166(44.03%) were females. Among males, hepatitis C and hepatitis B has outnumbered all other causes. Similarly, hepatitis C and hepatitis B outnumbered all other causes among females related to cirrhosis.
Conclusion: There are multiple causes of cirrhosis, out of which hepatitis B and C were among the most common causes of cirrhosis in both genders. Special attention should be paid to prevent intra venous drug abuse and frequent unscreened blood transfusion as by preventing these. We can reduce the patients of hepatitis B and C, ultimately cutting down the cases of cirrhosis.

Key words: Etiology, cirrhosis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B.

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