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Case Report

Ann Med Res. 2014; 21(2): 135-138

Ataxia-Telangiectasia: Case Report of Two Siblings

Ferhat Çatal1, Mahmut Aslan2, Erdem Topal1, Halime Ermiştekin2, M. Selçuk Sinanoğlu2,

Neslihan Aslan2, Nurdan Yıldırım2



Characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia, cutaneous and conjuctival telangiectasia, ocular apraxy, immunodeficiency, and increased risk of malignancy, ataxia-telangiectasia is a rare neurodegenerative disorder that shows signs of autosomal recessive transmission. The ataxia-telangiectasia gene is located in chromosome 11q22-23. Various degrees of abnormalities in T and B cell immunities have also been described. It is known that the incidence of both T cell and B cell leukemia and lymphoma increased compared with the general growth of the population in Turkey. T cell malignancy can be seen at any age though B cell malignancy is more common at older ages. This report presents the case of two siblings who were diagnosed with ataxia-telangiectasia. The two siblings formerly had another sibling who was diagnosed with ataxia-telangiectasia and died from leukemia. Taking these two cases as the staring point, this study focuses on the clinical manifestations, affected systems and treatment of ataxia-telangiectasia.

Key Words: Ataxia-Telangiectasia; Immunodeficiency; Cerebellar Atrophy.

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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.