Convulsions especially during the childhood age are an important public health problem had both because of freqency of the cases and of complications they cause. In this research, it has been targetted to research different types of factors such as sex and genetic that effect convulsion frequency among 0-5 age group children, by looking at mother's knowledge. We chosen 14 villages and 4 districts by the method of duster sampling and then mother's of 1598 children had been interviewed. In this research it has been found that point pre valance of all convulsions was 7,9 %, of febril convulsions was 4,2 % and of epilepsies was 5 in thousand among 0-5 age group children. Children having a positive family history had higher ratio of convulsion than the children who had not. The difference between the effects of sex of children and the degree of relationship of their parents to the convulsion frequency was not found to be statistically significant, majority of these convulsion cases, 53,1%, were associated with fever which was found to be found the primary reason. The secondary and the tertiary reasons were head traumas and meningitis by 7,2 5 each. In 25,4 % of cases mother couldn't remember the reason. The appearance of determined convulsions were primarily during feverish diseases and the recurrence of 41,2 % in all convulsions show that we are faced with a very important public health problem. Majority of these convulsion cases can be prevented by educating parents about the management of fever and by instructing them about the results of recurred convulsions.
Key words; Convulsion, 0-5 Age Group Children, Epilepsy, Feverish Diseases, Febril Convulsion