Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Research

Ann Med Res. 2003; 10(4): 173-175

The Resistance Rates of Different Antimicrobials in Staphylococci Isolated from Intensive Care Units

Latife Ižeri-Abut*, Mehmet Refik Tevfik*, Yunus Bulut*




Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the resistance ratios of staphylococci to antimicrobial agents in

intensive care units that might be useful from therapeutic and epidemiological points of view.

Methods: Staphylococcus spp. were isolated from different specimens and identified according to conventional

methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed by disk diffusion method according to proposals of


Results: The incidence of resistance is higher among coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CNS) than Staphylococcus

aureus. The antimicrobial resistance of 58 strains of CNS isolates was 29% teicoplanin, 51% ciprofloxacin, 58%

gentamicin, 63% for each of co-trimoxazole and clindamycin, 79% erythromycin, 86% oxacillin and 96% penicillin.

The multiple antimicrobial resistances were revealed by 96% of CNS isolates. The multiple antimicrobial resistance

was also observed in S. aureus isolates but less than CNS (78%). Of 32 S. aureus isolates, 12% co-trimoxazole, 25%

teicoplanin, 46% erythromycin, 50% clindamycin, 68% gentamicin, 71% ciprofloxacin, 81% oxacillin and 100%

penicillin were resistant. No resistance to vancomycin was observed.

Conclusion: The findings revealed an increase in incidence of resistance and multiple antimicrobial resistant strains

to commonly used antimicrobials in intensive care units. Therefore, prudent policy in prescribing and using of

antibiotics is indispensable.

Key Words: Staphylococcus aureus, CNS, Antibiotic Resistance, Intensive Care Units

Share this Article

Journal of Molecular Pathophysiology


BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.