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Ann Med Res. 2004; 11(3): 173-176

Foot Deformities in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Özlem Baysal*, Tamer Baysal**, Zühal Altay*, Gülsen Aykol*




Objectives: In this study we aimed to investigate the type and incidence of foot deformities in rheumatoid

arthritis (RA) patients. We also investigated the relationship between these deformities and functional activity and

disease activity in these patients.

Material and Methods: The patient group included 30 patients with RA and the control group included 30 healthy

subjects. In each group anterior and lateral weigth bearing foot radiographs were obtained. The radiographs were

evaluated for pes planus, pes cavus and hallux valgus by measuring specific angles (talometatarsal angle, hallux

valgus angle). Metetarsophalangeal (MTP) subluxation, hammer toe, claw toe were also evaluated.

Results: The frequency of pes planus, hallux valgus, MTP subluxation, hammer toe, claw toe were 60%, 50%,

30%, 20%, 16%, and 6.7%, respectively. All these deformities were significantly higher in the patient group

excluding, pes cavus (p

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