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Review Article

Ann Med Res. 2004; 11(2): 127-132

Intraocular Irrigation Solutions and Viscoelastıc Agents

Tamer Demir*, Fatih Ulaş*, Ülkü Çeliker*




Irrigation solutions and viscoelastic agents used in the ophthalmic intraocular procedures are essential for ideal

surgical results.

Corneal endothelium and other intraocular tissues are best protected when bathed with solutions similar to the

chemical composition of aqueous humor. It is important to note that the ideal irrigation solution should contain

bicarbonate buffer, glucose, glutathione and calcium. Osmolarity and pH of the irrigation solutions are also

important. Viscoelastic agents protect corneal endothelium and epithelium from mechanical trauma, maintain and

stabilize both the anterior chamber and capsular bag volumes.

Both the irrigation solutions and viscoelastic agents must have lesser drawbacks, and ensure suitable surgical

space for surgeon.

In this study we have reviewed general properties, clinical uses, and complications of the irrigation solutions and

the viscoelastic agents.

Key Words: Irrigation solutions , Viscoelastic agents

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