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Prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis Infection in Cattle in Yobe State, Nigeria Based on Caudal Fold Intradermal Tuberculin Test

Usman Bello Abubakar, Samaila Danbirni, Ibrahim Salisu, Hamza Mohammed, Lawson Lovett, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib, Jacob Kwaga, Idris Alhaji Abdulkadir.

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yobe State, Nigeria to estimate the prevalence rate of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle based on caudal fold intradermal tuberculin test. A total of Three Thousand and Three (3003) cattle, consisting One Thousand Two Hundred and Nine (1209) males and One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Four (1794) females were tested. The overall positives out of 3003 cattle tested were Two Hundred and Ninety Seven (297) with a prevalence rate of (9.9%, 95%CI = 7.3-13.5). Based on sex 122(10.1%, 95%CI = 8.2-15.7) males were positives while 174(9.8%, 95%CI = 7.1-13.7) females were positives. The chi-squire (x2) test of significance based on sex shows the difference was not statistically significant at (P

Key words: Keywords: Prevalaence, Mycobacterium bovis Infection, Intradermal tuberculin test, Cattle, Yobe State, Nigeria.

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