Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Uncorrected refractive error in schoolchildren at Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh

Yogesh Shukla, Priyanka Gupta, Rajesh Tiwari, Pradeep Kumar Kasar.

Abstract
Background: Uncorrected refractive error is a public health problem among school-going children. Children with refractive errors exhibit learning disabilities and poor performance. Refractive errors cannot be stopped, but they can be detected by early eye examination and treated with corrective glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery.

Objective: To detect the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error in a school at Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Varni Digamber Jain Gurukul schoolchildren in the age group of 5–15 years. Children were screened for visual acuity with the help of Snellen’s chart. The children who showed refractive problems in preliminary screening were confirmed by ophthalmologist at Department of Ophthalmology, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Result: A total number of 200 students were screened in the study. In the preliminary screening, a total number of 22 (11%) cases were detected with the problem of refractive error. After confirmation by ophthalmologist through refraction trial, only nine (4.5%) cases were found to show refractory problems. Most of the cases belonged to the age group of 5–8 years. Refractive error was 3.5 times more present in males when compared with female subjects. In four (44.44%) cases, parental history of refractive problems was observed. In this study, 183 (91.5%) children were having both of their eyes normal. Other eye problems were lacrimation and redness in four (2%) cases, followed by squint in two (1%), and Bitot’s spot in two (1%).

Conclusion: Uncorrected refractive error is a common public health problem of visual impairment studied in schoolchildren of Jabalpur district. Vision screening is the most appropriate strategy to detect early visual impairment.

Key words: Uncorrected refractive error, schoolchildren, Snellen’s chart


Full-text options

Full-text Article


Share this Article


Readers of this article also read the following articles
»ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
»Idiopathic Sweet?s Syndrome Accompanying Bullous Lesions: Case report
»FAMILY LIFE EVENTS IN PRINTED MEDIA
»PREVALENCE OF METALLO-Β-LACTAMASE GENES IN MULTIDRUG RESISTANT GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI
»A Study on Awareness and Practice Regarding Vitamin A Intake and its Deficiency Disorders among Mothers of Pre-School Children in Khirasara Village, Rajkot, Gujarat
»Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Docking Analysis of Methyl Hydroquinone and Bromo Methyl Hydroquinone as Potent Cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2) Inhibitors
»Pattern of craniofacial injuries and socio demographic distribution of road traffic accidents in Bangalore: Autopsy study
»EFFECT OF PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM ROXB EXfRACT AND YOGIC PRACTICES ON INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETICS
»Influence of Dregea sinensis Hemsl. Protease on the Quality of Mozzarella Cheese from Buffalo Milk
»Assessment of its compliance with the standards of the handicapped ramps of health care institutions in Kirikkale province
»Early respiratory outcomes of late preterm infants



Advertisement
Journal of Behavioral Health

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.