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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2011; 10(1): 19-23


Patterns of Ocular Trauma at Rawalpindi General Hospital

Muhammad Aslam Bhatti, Qamar Farooq, Syed Imtiaz Ali.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the patterns of ocular trauma, its causes and prognostic value of presenting visual acuity in final outcome of ocular injuries.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective.
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Rawalpindi General Hospital from April 2007 to April 2008.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of all ocular trauma cases among 600 patients admitted during study period in Eye Ward were analysed. The details of patients regarding age, gender, causes and record of visual acuity at admission and discharge from hospital were entered into specially-designed performa.
RESULTS: Among 93 (15.5%) eyes that suffered globe trauma 73 (78.49%) were of males and 72 (77.42%) were presented in patients up to 30-years of age. The common causes of ocular trauma were occupational 35 (37.63%), play & sport injuries 24 (25.81%) and road traffic accident 19 (20.43%).
At the time of admission visual acuity of 42 (45.2%) eyes was near blindness, whereas at the time of discharge 69 (74.2%) had visual acuity

Key words: Ocular trauma (OT), Open-globe injury, Closed-globe injury, presenting visual acuity, cause, ocular trauma Scale (OTS).


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