Prevalence of Night Eating Syndrome amongst Medical Students in Saudi ArabiaShakeel Ahmed, Fahad Salman Al Harbi, Osama Al Saeed, Sayed Ibrahim Ali.
The night eating syndrome (NES) was first described in 1955 as a disorder characterized by morning anorexia, evening hyperphagia, and insomnia among obese individuals characterized by unsuccessful weight management. The night eating syndrome (NES) appears to be associated with obesity. This study was primarily undertaken to study the prevalence of Night eating syndrome (NES).
Method: Three humdered out of a total of 400 undergraduate medical students voluntarily participated in this cross sectional survey conducted online (self-rated) at a reputed university in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Socio-demographic details were recorded on a semi-structured performa. SCOFF was administered to find those at risk of eating disorder. Night eating syndrome questionnaire (NEQ) was used to screen those who had NES.
Result: 58% of the sample was male. The mean weight of the total sample was 70.23 (males 79.15 and females 57.9). The mean body mass index was 25.09 for male and 22.64 female. 21% were found to be overweight and 14.3% were obese. The prevalence of NES in the study was 10.3% with comparatively men being at higher risk for NES.
Conclusion: High prevalence of obesity and overweight in the sample was similar to what has been reported in the Saudi population. Comparatively high prevalence of NES was found in this study but it was not associated with BMI.
Key words: Night Eating syndrome, medical student, Saudi Arabia