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Natl J Med Res. 2015; 5(3): 244-248

Digital Rectal Examination, Transrectal Ultrasound and Prostate Specific Antigen As A Tripple Assesment Diagnostic Tool For Benign Enlargement of Prostate

Miteshkumar R. Trivedi, Bhooraram A. Choudhary.

Introduction: Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common benign tumor in men and its incidence is age related. The condition is prevalent in approximately 20% in men aged 41-50, 50% in men aged 51-60 and >80% in men aged over 80.
Objectives: In this study efforts are made to prepare a diagnostic tool that helps to diagnose benign prostatic hyperplasia more accurately and rules out prostatic malignancy.
Methods: Findings of Digital rectal examination, Transrectal ultrasound for prostate and serum prostate specific antigen, were recorded in patients included in the study.
Results: Mild to moderate enlargement of prostate on digital rectal examination, prostatic volume of less than 75 cc in transrectal ultrasound and PSA level of less than 4 ng/ml are consistent with diagnosis of benign enlargement of prostate.
Conclusion: This study concludes that instead of using a single parameter, use of all three parameters simultaneously provide relatively accurate diagnosis of benign enlargement of prostate.

Key words: Benign, Digital rectal examination, hyperplasia, prostate, prostate specific antigen, transrectal ultrasound.

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