Objective: Some studies on schizophrenia showed an increased complexity in electroencephalography (EEG) whereas others detected a decreased complexity. Because this discrepancy might be due to the clinical features or complexity measures used, we employed two different complexity measures in a group of schizophrenics similar in illness duration (chronic) and symptom profile (residual). Methods: Right-handed chronic residual schizophrenic patients (10 male, 10 female) and age- and sex-matched 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Eyes-closed resting EEG series were measured through quantitative EEG band activities, the log energy entropy (LEE) values, and the Hurst exponents (HE) of EEG measurements were computed for each electrode site. Results: Significantly higher LEE values in the prefrontal, frontal, temporal and parietal locations were observed in schizophrenic patients compared with controls. HE values were significantly higher on the right frontal area in the schizophrenics. Patient group showed increased prefrontal, frontal and parietal delta activity, prefrontal, left temporal and right parietal theta activity and increased left temporal alpha activity. Discussion: In the present study, we found that chronic residual schizophrenia is associated with decreased complexity and increased smoothness in EEG. In addition, EEG of patients was characterized by obvious slowness at prefrontal and frontotemporal regions, dominantly. An integration of EEG complexity and frequency analysis can be proposed as an innovative tool in schizophrenia research.
Schizophrenia, EEG, complexity, frequency
Article Language: Turkish English