OBJECTIVE: To study the knowledge, attitude and practice about hypertension in adult hypertensive
patients at LUMHS
METHODOLOGY: The prospective and descriptive, study was carried out on one thousand diagnosed
hypertensive patients from Jan 2010 to Sep 2010 at medical outdoor department of
LUMHS. Appointed medical persons questioned the patients assessing various factors as lifestyle
and risk factors. The special case sheets were prepared, containing all the information as
name, age, sex, address, family history, personal history, marital status of the patients. Case
sheets were containing special questionnaire to study the knowledge about hypertension, its
control and complications. Results were analyzed by SPSS 10.
RESULTS: The age of patients ranged from 19 years to 95 years with mean age of 50.5 years
and median age of 47.5 years. Forty eight percent patients belonged to grade 1 education grade,
thirty two percent belonged to grade 2, thirteen percent belonged to grade 3, and seven percent
belonged to grade 4. Ten percent patients can explain the hypertension, mostly in higher education
grade. Seventy six percent patients can tell that salt is not good for hypertension. Twenty
two percent patients had good compliance about the drugs. Fifty percent can say good control
is advantageous for health. Six percent have knowledge about complications. The education
grades and result of questionnaire is shown in Table I.
CONCLUSION: Our study concludes that a significant proportion of hypertensive patientís have
poor knowledge about hypertension.
Hypertension, Knowledge, Attitude, Awareness.