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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2013; 12(3): 208-213

How do Mothers Recognize & Treat Pneumonia in their Children at Home? A study in Union Council Jhudo, District Mirpurkhas

Khalida Naz Memon, Khalida Shaikh, Bibi Sarah Pandhiani, Gulzar Usman.

BACKGROUND: A large number of children suffering from pneumonia fail to reach health facilities
well in time because their mothers fail to recognize seriousness of their illness. Early recognition
of symptoms of pneumonia by mothers and their participation in effective case management
of pneumonia may reduce childhood mortality in our population.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the mothers’ perceptions regarding pneumonia in children & the
home remedies used by them to treat pneumonia in children.
STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive cross sectional study conducted on four hundred & eighty eight
mothers taking care of their children of age less than three years. It was conducted among
houses of Union Council Jhudo.
RESULTS: Fast breathing & chest indrawing were most commonly reported symptoms for
pneumonia (59.4%). The study revealed statistically significant association of symptoms identification
by mothers with higher educational status (p=0.04), living in joint families (p=0.05) &
higher parity (p= 0.02). Majority of the mothers (94.4%) were using two or more home remedies
for their children. Honey was the most commonly utilized remedy for pneumonia (82.4%), followed
by green tea (44.7%) & Vicks massage (43.2%).
CONCLUSIONS: The study concluded with the recommendations that IMNCI community component
may be strengthened & better education to the care takers should be given, especially to
mothers to enable them to recognize signs of pneumonia in order to improve the case detection
of pneumonia, its early referral and in reducing mortality due to pneumonia.

Key words: pneumonia, maternal perceptions, home remedies.

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