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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2013; 12(3): 203-207

Chemical Analysis of Urinary Stones and its Locations Associated to Urinary Tract

Javed Altaf, Adeel Hyder Arain, Nand Lal Kella, Shafique-ur-Rehman.

OBJECTIVES: To detect the frequency of different types of urinary stone, and location in urinary
tract in patients admitted at Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the department of urology
of Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro from February 2011 to July 2012 (18 months). The
study was carried out on 100 patients. All the patients age 15 years and above with urinary calculi,
admitted for surgical procedure for stone disease were included in the study. All the demographic
data including investigation, surgical procedure and chemical analysis of stone was
noted on questionnaire form. Data was analyzed on SPSS program version 16.0
RESULTS: Out of 100 patients, male were 71 and female were 29. Mean age of the patients was
45.0 years. This study noted: 85% calcium, 78% oxalate, 53% uric acid stones in high percentage,
and according to location the kidneys were the most affected part for stone disease as
compared to ureter and bladder.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study we noted calcium, oxalate, and uric acid were the most common
components of urinary stone, kidneys were mostly affected as compared to ureter and bladder.
Information and results of this study can help in the improvement of urinary stone prevention.

Key words: Urinary stone, chemical composition, location.

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