Objective: Low back pain (LBP) is a common health problem that cuts across various occupations. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of back care education on farmers suffering from chronic mechanical LBP.
Methods: Male peasant farmers suffering from chronic LBP were purposively recruited and randomly assigned to back care education group (BG) and control group (CG). The participants in the BG were trained in back care education five times within eight weeks while participants in CG received convectional medical care. Pre- and post-intervention pain intensity and disability level was assessed using chronic pain questionnaire. Data obtained were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The pre-treatment pain intensity of participants in BG was found to be significantly higher than those of participants in the control group, while there was no significant difference in pre-treatment functional disability scores between the groups. At the end of 8 weeks of training the pain intensity and functional disability scores of the BG were significantly lower than those of the CG.
Conclusion: Back care education caused a reduction in pain intensity and functional disability among farmers with chronic mechanical LBP. It is recommended that back care education should be used to reduce back pain and disability among farmers.
Key words: Back care education, farmers, low back pain