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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2013; 12(2): 120-124


Integration of Preventive and Curative Health Services for Flood Survivors by LUMHS - A Successful Health Care Model for Preparedness of Future Floods in Pakistan (A Community Based Research Survey)

Hussain Bux Kolachi, Muhammad Ilyas Siddiqui, Muhammad Najeeb Memon, Muhammad Saleem Memon, Ghulam Shabir Abro, Akbar Kazi.

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to collect demographic data of survivors for assessing the related common disease, to identify steps in implementation of essential preventive
and curative care for flood survivors and to develop health care model for super flood disaster
preparedness in Indus valley areas.
STUDY DESIGN: It was a cross sectional descriptive Epidemiological Study /survey. Date was
collected through structured and designed proforma. This proforma was tested. 4th year MBBS
students were filling proforma and survey work supervised by Faculty of department of Community Medicine & public health sciences & LUMHS clinical faculty members. The study was
conducted on survivors and internally displaced people (IDPs /survivors) during super Indus
river flood in August & September 2010 to observe and evaluate the role of medical university
for the preventive and curative health services for flood victims to reduce the morbidity, mortality & miseries in disaster times.
PLACE OF STUDY: The flood victim camps on both sides of Indus river bank from Sehwan to
Kotri covering districts Dadu, Jamshoro, Matiari & Hyderabad and also tent cities at Sehwan,
Sabzi Mandi Hyderabad & Ghulshan-e-Shahbaz Jamshoro.
DURATION OF STUDY: 8th August 2010 to 31st December 2010.
RESULTS: Total 161700 Flood Survivors were provided health care by LUMHS medical teams,
Faculty consultant, Doctors, Students & Paramedics through organizing free medical camps in
tent cities and mobile camps. There were 113190 (70%) Female survivors & 48510 (30%) were
Males survivors. The health teams provided curative care to 59500 (36.79%) & preventive care to
102200 (63.21) super flood survivors. Ten thousands were sheltered at the land of LUMHS campus and tent city. The common diseases were Diarrhea (21%), ARI (16%), Malaria (07%), Skin
Diseases (17%), Eye Infections (08%), Ear Infections (04%), Malnutrition (15%), Injuries (02%),
Sleep Disorders (0,5%), Heat Stroke (0.3%), Dog Bite (0.1%) & Unspecified (0.1%).
CONCLUSION: Flood survivors need preventive & curative care. The medical university can directly provide emergency health care & can contribute human resources comprising Faculty,
Doctors, Students & Paramedics. 161700 were beneficiaries of LUMHS developed health care
model which is one of the indigenous & successful model for future flood disaster preparedness in Pakistan. The WHO acknowledged LUMHS services for flood victims. Professor Noshad
Ahmed Shaikh, Vice Chancellor, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro supervised & visited camps regularly.

Key words: Flood, preventive care, IDPs, Survivors, Indus.



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