OBJECTIVES: To document Socio cultural and demographic profile of desert women and to
document their reproductive , gynecological , general health problems and mode of transportation and utilization of Health services.
DESIGN: It descriptive cross sectional study.
SETTING: Mother and child health center Batangari Taluka Mithi District Tharparkar supported
by Asia Foundation and Run by NGO with support of Asia Foundation.
METHODS: Survey of 129 women registered in MCH Batangari was interviewed through questionnaire and clinical examination was performed by lady doctor and findings were written on
the questionnaire and data was analyzed.
RESULTS: The total 129 women interviewed only 1(0.08%) was unmarried and 128(99.02%) were
married, the age range was between 11 to 50 years . age of menarche was 13 years age of marriage was earliest at 12 years and first pregnancy was reported in the teen age. The reproductive health problems were mainly UV prolapsed in 14(10.08%) Mass in abdomen in 12 (9.30%)
women, Infertility in 14(10.80%) IUDS and missed abortion 1.55% while. Anemia was present in
15(11.9%) women while general health problem were back ache 12(9.30%) vertigo in 10(7.75%)
While chest pain /cough (suspected TB) 12(9.30%) women. Weakness and nutritional problems
were also mentioned.
CONCLUSION: The study concludes that desert women are facing multiple problems rooted in
culture on one hand and lack of reproductive health care facilities as well availability of lady
doctor or gynecologist on the other hand. The early age marriage, early menarche and teen
pregnancies were found common problem leading to complex reproductive care needs for desert women. The uterus prolapsed was serious condition and needed surgical operation. Training of DAIS was also important area of attention. Lady Doctor and gynecologist are extremely
shortage in Tharparkar Gynae camps should be held yearly in Tharparkar.
Tharparkar, MCH, Reproductive health.