OBJECTIVES: To determine Patientís presentation with mandibular fractures at Liaquat Medical
University Hospital, Hyderabad
METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro. Sample
size of (n=88) with inclusion Criteria: Patients from 10-70 years of age with either gender group,
Patient with clinical signs and symptoms / radiological evidence of Mandibular fracture, exclusion Criteria was medically compromised patients, Previously maltreated cases, Patients with
associated other facial skeletal fractures for the year 2010-2011.
RESULTS: A total of 122 mandibular fractures were recorded with male: female ratio 7:3. The
road traffic accident (RTA) was the leading (42%) cause, while assault represented 21% followed
by fall (15%), FAI (09%), Sports (07%) and other causes (06%).Regarding the site distribution of
mandibular fractures, (15%) occurred in the condyle,( 23%) in the angle, and (21%) in the body,
(16%) parasymphsis, (15%) symphysis, (1%) ramus and (9%) dento-alveolar. Different treatment
modalities were used for the proper reduction and fixation of the fracture sites. Majority of patients treated open reduction with miniplates fixation.
CONCLUSION: The commonest cause of Mandibular fractures in our setup was road traffic accident, and the results of this study may be helpful for the government and public to improve
road traffic sense in road users, action taken or awareness of seat belt and helmet while driving
and legislation in our population.
Mandible, Fracture, ORIF, IMF, Miniplates.