OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of self-medication among the medical and nonmedical university students of Sindh (Pakistan).
METHODOLOGY: A Questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted from Aug-Sept
2013. A convenient sampling of 400 (50% medical and 50% non-medical) students was done
among universities of Sindh (Pakistan).Undergraduate students of age group (18-23) were included whereas postgraduate students, house officers were excluded. Data was analyzed using
SPSS (Statistical Package for the social sciences) version 16.
RESULTS: Frequency of self-medication was found to be 80%. 81% of non-medical and 81% of
male students were prone to self-medication. 45% of males and 47% of medical students are
aware of the contra indications when compared to females (37%) and non-medical students
(33%). 2. 75% of males and 88% of medical students know about the uses of the medicine compared to females (67%) and non-medical students (54%). 39% males and 52% medical students
have knowledge of the complications than to the females (38%) and non-medical students
(25%). The commonest health problems for which students seek self-medication are headache
(40%), fever (19.5%), flu (5.2%) .
CONCLUSION: Self-medication is significantly high in the educated youth. Male and nonmedical students are prone to self-medication. Self-medication among males is found to be
practiced more among the Muslim States.
Self-administration; students, medical; universities.