Objectives: Treatments of long peripheral nerve defects are limited and a means to construct a vascularized nerve graft substitute has been sought.
Material and Methods: An in vivo chamber bioreactor was designed with the White New Zealand rabbit’s superficial inferior epigastric pedicle (SIEP) and using autologous Schwann cell (ASC) suspension, a tissue volume containing rich vascularization and a dense presence of Schwann cells was constructed. This construct was comparatively tried on 3 cm of a sciatic nerve defect.
Results: A vascularized build with rich blood supply and an abundance of Schwann cells was engineered and utilized for nerve regeneration and transmission, axonal passage being displayed.
Conclusion: According to the literature review, this is the first achievement of engineering a nerve graft substitute containing vascularized Schwann cells. Therefore, it is believed this study has yielded significant preliminary results, providing a basis for future studies.
Peripheral nerves, tissue engineering, autologous schwann cells, cell culture, vascularized nerve graft