Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Regular Article



Linear Programming Formulation of a Dairy Drink Made of Cocoa, Coffee and Orange By-Products

Maria Fernanda Quijano-Aviles, Gianella Lisbeth Franco-Agurto, Karen Belén Suárez-Quirumbay, Ana Délida Barragán-Lucas, Patricia Isabel Manzano-Santana.

Abstract
The agricultural industry generates large amounts of residues, commonly considered waste. In this study, we used by-products from industrial processing of cacao, coffee and orange. An enriched dairy product was elaborated using a 10% aqueous extract of cocoa bean shells, coffee husk and orange peel. A design of mixtures of extreme vertices was applied to test variation in the proportion of the three ingredients in the aqueous extract. Sensorial characteristics like taste, odor, color and appearance were evaluated by a semi-trained testing panel applying the method of multiple comparisons, comparing the test formulations with a commercial drink of coffee and cocoa. The test formulations that were rated similar to the reference drink were selected to improve their total polyphenol content (TPC) applying a mathematical process of linear optimization. This approach indicated an optimal formulation containing 74 % cocoa bean shells, 24.50% coffee husk and 1.50% orange peel. This formulation gave TPC values of 5.74 ± 0.41 Gallic Acid Equivalent (GAE) mg/g, 82.20 ± 0.08% antioxidant activity by the diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and 114.78 mg/l caffeine content. The results demonstrate the feasibility to produce a drink enriched in antioxidant compounds retaining good sensorial attributes using industrial sub products.

Key words: drink, polyphenols, dpph, mixture design



Similar Articles

Double-Strand RNA (dsRNA) Delivery Methods in Insects: Diaphorina citri.
Santos-Ortega Y, Flynt A
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2360(): 253-277

Guiding RNAi Design Through Characterization of Endogenous Small RNA Pathways.
Peter JO, Santos-Ortega Y, Flynt A
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2360(): 33-47

Therapeutic Effects of Resveratrol on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Through Inflammatory, Oxidative Stress, Metabolic, and Epigenetic Modifications.
Karimi M, Abiri B, Guest PC, Vafa M
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2343(): 19-35

Thiazole-Chalcone Hybrids as Prospective Antitubercular and Antiproliferative Agents: Design, Synthesis, Biological, Molecular Docking Studies and In Silico ADME Evaluation.
Kasetti AB, Singhvi I, Nagasuri R, Bhandare RR, Shaik AB
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2021; 26(10):

Metric Selection, Metric Targets, and Risk Adjustment Should be Considered in the Design of Gainsharing Models for Bundled Payment Programs in Total Joint Arthroplasty.
Keswani AH, Snyder DJ, Ahn A, Austin DC, Jayakumar P, Grauer JN, Poeran J, Bozic KJ, Moschetti WE, Jevsevar DS, Galatz LM, Bronson MJ, Chen DD, Moucha CS
The Journal of arthroplasty. 2021; 36(3): 801-809


Full-text options


Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org






Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.



ScopeMed Web Sites