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Effect of tobacco chewing on semen parameters

Naresh Parmar, Vishaldeep Gohel, Jitesh Sarvaiya, Nehal Patel, Nileshwari Vala.

Background: Tobacco is a plant with green foliage and tubular flowers. Biologically titled as Nicotiana tabacum. Tobacco is evil for human health. It has been noted that 35% of death worldwide happen due to the tobacco intake only. Individual with no education is 2.69 times more likely to smoke and chew tobacco than those with a postgraduate education. Tobacco causes reduction in sperm count, motility, and concentration.

Objective: To affirm the deleterious effects of tobacco abuse on various semen parameters.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 100 healthy adults in GGH Hospital, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India. Out of which, 50 were tobacco chewers and 50 were nontobacco chewers. Semen was collected in the vicinity of laboratory bathroom and immediately handover to laboratory technician for evaluation of various parameters.

Result: Result shows that there is a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, and viability in tobacco chewers than control group. There was progressive decrease in sperm count and liquefaction time as the duration of tobacco chewing is increase.

Conclusion: There is an adverse effect on all the seminal parameters who practicing of tobacco chewing as compared to non-chewers mainly sperm concentration, total sperm count, motility, and viability of sperm are also decreases in tobacco chewer than the control group. As the frequency of tobacco chewing is increasing, it is associated with more adverse effects on semen volume, count, concentration, motility, and viability of sperm.

Key words: Semen, tobacco chewers, parameter, sperm

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