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RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 838-841

Prevalence of frozen shoulder among patients with diabetes: a single center experience from Karachi, Pakistan

Qurratulain Ahmad, Iqra Yaseen, Rabia Sattar, Uzair Abbas, Umair Nawaz.


Objective: To find the prevalence of frozen shoulder in patients with diabetes mellitus and its association with different demographics and non-demographics variables.
Methodology: This study was carried out at diabetes OPD of Dow University Hospital and included type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. Data regarding frozen shoulder along with its demographics factors like age, gender, duration of diabetes, type of diabetes, and mode of medication with family history of the diabetes were evaluated. Restriction in capsular pattern of shoulder (LAM) was analyzed to rule out frozen shoulder.
Results: Out of total 190 patients, 115 (60.52%) had shoulder pain, which was dominant in female (34.73%). Out of 115 who had shoulder pain, 63 (54.78%) were diagnosed with frozen shoulder, which was associated with gender (p=0.010), duration of diabetes (p=0.01), HbA1c (p=0.044) and family history (p=0.04).
Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus has association with frozen shoulder and the highest percentage is among female diabetics.

Key words: Diabetes mellitus, adhesive capsulitis, internal rotation.

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