|IJHRS. 2015; 4(2): 103-114
A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia
Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri.
Background: Prevalence of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing and non-developing countries though disproportionately. A particular category of high-risk population comprises of millions of expatriate workers in the Saudi Arabia, who are prone to many common health problem including non communicable diseases such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors that play a significant role in causing non-communicable diseases (hypertension and diabetes mellitus) among immigrant workers.
Materials and Methods: The risk factors data was collected from 120 (170) expatriate workers (response rate=70.6%) staying in two residential compounds. Expatriate workers were asked to fill in a pre tested, structured and close-ended questionnaire to evaluate the risk factors. In addition, we measured the BP and BMI by using weight scale, measuring tape, and mercury sphygmomanometer.
Results: The results showed that expatriate workers had generally acceptable quality of life where they experienced numerous modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors of developing HTN and DM. 95.5 % ate all types of food without any consideration. 21.7 % of them were above the normal weight. 62.5 % were sleeping less than 7 hours, which increased the stress level.
Conclusion: Expatriate workers have good quality of life in Saudi Arabia. However, prevalence of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for developing HTN and DM is considerable. Primary preventive measures need to be inculcated to reduce it to a level where it ceases to be a public health problem.
Key words: Expatriates, Risk factors, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Saudi Arabia